By Total Foot and Ankle of Tampa Bay
February 16, 2016
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Hammertoes  

HammertoesA hammertoe is one of the most common toe conditions, usually stemming from muscle imbalance in which the joints of the second, third, fourth or fifth toe are bent into a contracted, claw-like position. In the early stages, hammertoes are flexible and can be corrected with simple conservative measures, but if left untreated, they can become fixed and require surgery.

The most common cause of hammertoe is a muscle imbalance. Tight-fitting and high-heeled shoes often aggravate the condition, crowding your toes forward. A hammertoe can also be the result of injury in which you break or jam the toe, or from conditions like arthritis or stroke that affect nerves and muscles. In some cases, hammertoes may even be inherited.

Because of their clenched, claw-like appearance, hammertoes will generally be visibly present. Other signs and symptoms include:

  • Difficult or painful motion of a toe joint
  • Redness or swelling at a toe joint
  • Development of calluses and corns
  • Open sores in severe cases

The foot and ankle professionals at our office recommend the following for preventing and reducing the symptoms associated with hammertoe:

  • Wear comfortable, proper-fitting shoes that provide support and allow enough room for your toes
  • Avoid high-heeled or narrow-toed shoes
  • Stretch your toe muscles to relieve pressure and pain
  • Apply splints, cushions or pads to relieve pressure
  • Moisturize with cream to keep the skin soft

Generally, a modification of footwear will reduce the symptoms associated with hammertoe. Other non-surgical treatment includes padding to shield corns and calluses and orthotic devices that are placed in the shoe to help control muscle imbalance. We can help you determine the best treatment for your symptoms. Severe cases that don't respond to conservative measures may require surgery to restore your toe's flexibility and eliminate the pressure.

Hammertoes are progressive - they don't go away by themselves and the condition usually gets worse over time. Once a podiatrist at has evaluated your hammertoe, a treatment plan can be developed that is suited to your needs.


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Zephyrhills Office
Zephyrhills Podiatry
6326 Fort King Road
Zephyrhills, FL 33542
(813) 788-3600
(813) 788-7010 fax
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Sun City Center Office
Total Foot & Ankle of Tampa Bay
936 Cypress Village Blvd. Suite B
Sun City Center, FL 33573
(813) 633-5900
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Wesley Chapel Office
Florida Hospital Wesley Chapel
2649 Windguard Circle Unit 101
Wesley Chapel, FL 33544
(813) 788-3600
(813) 788-7010 fax
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Apollo Beach/Riverview Office
Baycare Outpatient Center
10141 Big Bend Road, Suite 207
Riverview, FL 33578
(813) 633-5900
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Sun City Center Office